Tuesday is Equal Pay Day, a day set apart to raise awareness of the gender pay gap. According to the National Committee on Pay Equity, the date “symbolizes how far into the year women must work to earn what men earned in the previous year.”
U.S. Census Bureau statistics state that nationwide, median pay for women is 80% of the median pay for men.
Many factors play into the discussion of equal gender pay, but where do Utah County women stand in the workplace? The following data comes from the most recent American Community Survey from the U.S. Census Bureau and from the Utah Department of Workforce Services.
-Stacy Johnson, Daily Herald
Women make up 42% of the workforce in Utah County.
According to statistics from the U.S. Census Bureau, women make up 42% of the labor force. This compares to making up 49.9% of the civilian population over the age of 16.
The statistics show that 57% of women in the labor force work, including:
▪ 52% of mothers with children under the age of six.
▪ 38% of mothers with children under the age of six and children 6-17 years old.
▪ 64% percent of mothers with children between the ages of 6 and 17 only.
More than half of women over the age of 16 work in Utah County.
In Utah County 57% of women are in the labor force, compared to 78.7% of men.
Of those, females average 30.1 hours a week and males average 38.7 hours per week.
Thirty-five percent of women 25 years and older have a bachelor’s degree in Utah County.
Of women 25 years and older in Utah County, 35% have a bachelor’s degree or higher, according to the U.S. Census Bureau. That compares to 44% of men.
However if you break down levels of education, women outpace men in educational attainment at the high school, associates and bachelor’s degree levels. The following shows the educational attainment of the population 25 years and older by gender:
▪ Less than high school diploma: 6% of females, 6% of males
▪ High school graduates: 17% of females, 15% of males
▪ Some college, no degree: 30% of females, 26% of males
▪ Associate’s degree: 12% of females, 9% of males
▪ Bachelor’s degree: 28% of females, 27% of males
▪ Master’s degree: 6% of females, 11% of males
▪ Doctorate degree: 1% of females, 3% of males
▪ Professional school degree: 1% of females, 3% of males
Median salaries for women working full-time are 62 percent of men’s in Utah County.
Department of Workforce Services and U.S. Census Bureau numbers show that the median salary for a year-round, full-time female employee in Utah County is $34,282. That compares to $54,972 for men in the same category.
Utah County’s 62% gender pay disparity compares to 70% statewide and 80% nationwide.
That puts Utah County as fifth statewide for the lowest percentage of median pay for women as compared to men, behind Uintah, Duchesne, Carbon and Emery counties.
Men outpace women in salary in every occupation category in Utah County.
Females receive lower median pay in Utah County in every occupation category, according to the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey. The occupation categories with the highest pay disparity are: construction and extraction (41%), legal services (50%), material moving (54%), sales (57%) and management (59%) — when comparing the percentage of median female pay compared to median male pay.
The occupation categories with the lowest pay disparity are law enforcement workers (93%), healthcare support (91%), food preparation and serving (88%), life, physical and social sciences (82%) and office and administrative support (79%).
The highest paying occupation category for women is computers and mathematical.
Women in Utah County employed in computer and mathematical fields earn a median $60,017 compared to a median $82,339 for men in the same field.
The highest paying occupation category for men is legal, where men earn a median $111,211 compared to the median $55,714 for females.
The lowest paying occupation category for women is farming, fishing and forestry.
Women in Utah County employed in farming, fishing and forestry occupations earn a median $13,475 a year. Farming, fishing and forestry is also the lowest paying occupation category for men, who earn a median $25,000 in that field in Utah County.